Joshua Houston

Joshua Houston


c.1822 Born
Near Marion, Perry County, AL
1862 Freed by Sam Houston
Jan. 8, 1902 Died
Huntsville, TX



Joshua Houston, a servant of Sam Houston and an officeholder after the Civil War, was raised as a slave on Temple Lea's plantation in Marion, Perry County, Alabama. At his death in 1834 Lea left Joshua and his family to his daughter, Margaret Lea, who took them to Texas in 1840, when she married Sam Houston. In Texas Joshua became a skilled blacksmith, wheelwright, and stage driver.

In the fall of 1862 Houston freed his slaves, even though it was illegal to do so, whereupon Joshua took the last name of Houston. In 1866, he purchased land in Huntsville, where he opened a blacksmith shop and built a two-story house.

His son, Samuel Walker Houston (1864–1945) was prominent educator, having established the Sam Houston Industrial Training School in the Galilee community west of Huntsville in 1906.

While not specifically named for Joshua, the replica blacksmith forge on the grounds of the Sam Houston Memorial Museum, is known as Joshua’s Blacksmith Forge.

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