Samuel Houston

Sam Houston


Mar. 2, 1793 Birth
Rockbridge County, Virginia
1812 Founded one-room schoolhouse
Blount County, TN
Mar. 27, 1814 Injured during Battle of Horseshoe Bend
Mar. 4, 1823
Mar. 4, 1827
U.S. House of Representatives (TN)
Oct. 1, 1827
Apr. 16, 1829
6th Governor of Tennessee
Jan. 22, 1829 Married Eliza Allen
1830 Married Tiana Rogers
Oct. 22, 1836
Dec. 10, 1838
1st President of the Republic of Texas
May 9, 1840 Married Margaret Lea
Marion, AL
Dec. 21, 1841
Dec. 9, 1844
3rd President of the Republic of Texas
Feb. 26, 1846
Mar. 5, 1859
United States Senator (TX)
Mar. 1847 Purchases land in Huntsville
Dec. 31, 1859
Mar. 28, 1861
7th Governor of Texas
Dec. 1862 Returns to Huntsville
Jul. 26, 1863 Death
Huntsville, TX
Apr. 21, 1911 Gravesite marker sculpted by Pompeo Coppini unveiled
Jul. 26, 2013 150th anniversary of death commemorated


Sam Houston was born in Virginia and spent much of his youth in the mountains of Tennessee, living with the Cherokees and earning the name "Co-lo-neh", or the Raven, from his adoptive father, Chief Oolooteka.

Houston served under Andrew Jackson during the War of 1812 and was injured during the March 1814 Battle of Horseshoe Bend. Houston later serving as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1822) and then Governor of Tennessee (1827-1829).

Moving to Texas in 1832, Houston was elected the first President of the Republic of Texas. After statehood in 1845, Houston was elected Senator from Texas to the Congress of the United States. Houston was then elected to serve as Governor of the State of Texas (1859-1861), famously removed from office for refusing to take an oath of allegiance to the Confederate States of America.

He married Margaret Lea in 1840, with whom he had eight children.

In 1847 Houston bought land in Huntsville to live and built Woodlawn, where four of his eight children were born. He lived there until winning the governorship in 1859. During this time in Huntsville he served on the original board of trustees of Austin College and was present at the groundbreaking ceremony for its original building.

Upon election in 1859 as Governor of Texas, he became the only person elected to serve as governor of two U.S. states by popular vote. He opposed the secession of Texas from the Union and refused to take the oath of allegiance to the Confederate States of America. He was evicted from office in March of 1861.

He retired to Huntsville in December 1862 and died the following July in the Steamboat House.

Items on and around campus honoring Sam Houston include:

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